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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Prognostic Value of Bismuth Typing and Modified T-stage in Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma


Department of General Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Xiongying Miao
Department of General Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Middle Renmin Road, Changsha 410011, Hunan
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2395-3977.151467

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Aim: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCC) has a very poor prognosis. Surgical resection is a radical treatment option for this disease. However, it is still difficult to cure, and prognostic traits are ambiguous. Evaluation of the tumor typing and staging may elucidate effective prognosis and provide helpful advice for clinical surgeon. This study aimed to analyze the prognostic value of tumor typing and staging in HCC. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 85 patients with HCC undergoing surgical resections procedures at the Second Xiangya Hospital in Hunan Province between 2002 and 2012. The Bismuth type, modified T-stage, postoperative complications, survival time, and other clinical manifestations associated with the surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Patients were classified according to Bismuth typing: Subtype I (12 cases), Subtype II (4 cases), Subtype IIIa (3 cases), Subtype IIIb (16 cases), and Subtype IV (50 cases). Patients were classified according to the T staging: Stage T1 (19 cases), Stage T2 (5 cases), and Stage T3 (61 cases). Based on data collected from 67 patients who completed the follow-up survey, both the Bismuth type and modified T-stage were significantly correlated with survival time (each P = 0.01). Conclusion: The majority of our patients with HCC were characterized as Subtype IV in Bismuth typing and Stage T3 in modified T-stage. Both Bismuth typing and modified T-stage showed prognostic value in HCC. Compared with Bismuth typing, modified T-stage is a better indicator of the resectability of HCC.


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