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   Table of Contents - Current issue
October-December 2019
Volume 5 | Issue 4
Page Nos. 65-82

Online since Thursday, December 26, 2019

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Coenzyme Q10 and resveratrol abrogate paclitaxel-induced hepatotoxicity in rats p. 65
Elias Adikwu, Nelson Clemente Ebinyo, Loritta Wasini Harris
Background: Hepatotoxicity is one of the adverse effects that may characterize the clinical use of paclitaxel (PCL). This study examined the protective effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and resveratrol (RSV) on PCL-induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats. Methods: Forty-five adult male albino rats randomized into nine groups of n = 5 were used. Group 1 (placebo control) and Group 2 (solvent control) received 0.2 mL of normal saline and corn oil intraperitoneally (ip) daily for 5 days, respectively. Groups 3–5 received CoQ10 (20 mg/kg), RSV (20 mg/kg), and CoQ10 + RSV ip daily for 5 days, respectively. Group 6 received a dose of 20 mg/kg of PCL ip on the 5th day. Groups 7–9 were pretreated daily with CoQ10 (20 mg/kg), RSV (20 mg/kg), and CoQ10 + RSV ip for 5 days and treated with a dose of PCL on the 5th day, respectively. Rats were sacrificed after treatment; liver samples were estimated for histology and biochemical markers. Serum samples were estimated for liver function markers. Results: The liver of PCL-treated rats showed necrosis which correlates with significant (P < 0.001) increases in serum and liver biochemical indexes; gamma glutamyl transferase, lactate dehydrogenase, bilirubin, aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase, and malondialdehyde levels when compared to control. Liver superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione levels were significantly (P < 0.001) decreased in PCL-treated rats when compared to control. Importantly, PCL-induced hepatotoxicity was significantly mitigated in CoQ10 (P < 0.05), RSV (P < 0.01), and CoQ10 + RSV (P < 0.001) pretreated rats when compared to PCL. Conclusion: CoQ10 and RSV were effective against PCL-induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats.
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Progress in clinical follow-up study of dendritic cells combined with cytokine-induced killer for stomach cancer p. 72
Ling Wang, Run Wan, Cong Chen, Ruiliang Su, Yumin Li
Stomach cancer is a common malignant disease and is generally associated with mortality. Immunotherapy, including dendritic cells combined with cytokine-induced killer cells (DC-CIK), poses a significant presence. Follow-up plays a vital role in immunotherapy with stomach cancer by effectively predicting recurrence, promptly diagnosing disease, and early intervening to improve clinical outcome and survival rate. Follow-up guideline takes into these terms which are response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, health-related quality of life, tumor markers, T-lymphocyte subsets, and cytokine on the basis of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline. At the same time, the high-level follow-up team is necessary. Hitherto, there is no specific follow-up guide for immunotherapy. This article reviews the follow-up of DC-CIK with stomach cancer, and it is expected that more researchers focus on this issue to draw up utility guidelines of immunotherapy for stomach cancer.
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Supraclavicular lymphadenopathy as the initial manifestation in carcinoma of cervix p. 77
Priyanka Priyaarshini, Tapan Kumar Sahoo
Carcinoma of the cervix has been considered as a preventable disease. However, it continues to be a significant health problem worldwide and is the second most frequent cause of cancer death among women in developing countries. It rarely metastasizes to the supraclavicular group of lymph nodes during the initial presentation, and few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of cervical carcinoma in a 40-year-female with unusual manifestation at the time of initial presentation. The patient was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix with supraclavicular lymph node metastatic FIGO Clinical Stage IVB and treated in the line of concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. The patient is reported to be disease-free after 1 year of completion of therapy.
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ABO typing error resolution and transfusion support in a case of an acute leukemia patient showing loss of antigen expression p. 80
Debasish Mishra, Gopal Krushna Ray, Smita Mahapatra, Pankaj Parida
ABO and RhD typing is an essential step before the transfusion of blood components to a patient. ABO blood group system is a significant group, which causes hemolytic transfusion reaction destroying donor red blood cells. Hence, ABO typing error should be resolved before transfusion. Especially acute leukemia patients, there is a loss of A, B, and H antigens. In this group of patients, no reaction was seen in Cell typing/forward grouping typing. An adsorption-elution study is required to support the correct blood type. Response with anti-A1, anti-AB, and anti-H in red cell typing and saliva testing is necessary to distinguish between different weak A subgroups. We presented a case of loss of A antigens and transfusion support to a leukemia patient for initiation of chemotherapy.
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